April 2022 Forage Report

alfalfa in spring, 10 cm tall

Fall 2021/Winter 2022 Fall of 2021 was warm and open. Many regions of the province saw heavier fall growth in hay fields and pastures than normal because of the late killing frost. While this does not pose any issues for alfalfa, excessive top growth can cause smothering in grass/clover stands. Average to above-average precipitation between […]

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Haylage for Horses

a stack of wrapped round bales

In a year with higher than average rainfall, it can be a challenge to find a long enough window of dry weather to make high quality horse hay. These conditions sometimes prompt equestrians to investigate alternative sources of forage. How are forage crops preserved? Understanding how forage crops are preserved is the first step in […]

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The Ontario Phosphorus and Potassium Database

corn field with blue sky in background

Did you know that a review of Ontario phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) fertilizer guidelines was undertaken? The work looked at crop responses to P and K for corn, soybeans, winter wheat and alfalfa from 368 trials conducted over the last several decades. It compared most economic rates to current Ontario fertilizer guidelines as found […]

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August 2021 Forage Report

map of Ontario showing the percent of average rainfall received during August 2021

Ontario Hay Listings is a free classifieds service provided by the Ontario Forage Council. Producers looking to buy or sell hay or straw are encouraged to post an ad. AAFC’s Agroclimate Impact Reporter is interested in how weather impacts farms throughout the growing season (i.e. what’s really happening on the ground). This ag-sector citizen science […]

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Emergency Forage Soybeans

soybeans with mulch underneath

Forage soybeans are not normally recommended as an emergency forage. Forage soybean production has a steep learning curve. Successful producers started with a small acreage and took several years to learn how to manage this crop. Whole unroasted soybean seeds pose a risk of ammonia toxicity. Limit to 2-4 lbs/head/day. Protein exceeding animal demand will […]

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June 2021 Forage Report

map depicting the percent of average precipitation received across Ontario in June 2021

Regrowth rates of hay fields following a cut and pastures following a grazing event is dependent on rainfall. Areas that received below-average rainfall may experience slower regrowth. Producers looking to buy or sell hay are encouraged to check out the new and improved Ontario Hay Listings website Southwest According to AAFC, most of the area […]

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April 2021 Forage Report

Winter of 2020-2021 was mild. Although snow cover was less than normal, there were relatively few thaws. A rapid thaw in early March melted most of the snow. The warm temperatures persisted for a few days, allowing perennial forages to break dormancy. Dry conditions throughout March with warm days and cool nights provided a window […]

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Alternative Forages to Silage Corn

Silage corn is grown to provide energy and fibre in a ration. It has very high yield potential. In addition to breaking corn rootworm lifecycles, alternatives to silage corn need to offer similar yield and nutritional value (Table 1). Producers should consult a livestock nutritionist to ensure rations are properly balanced. Table 1. Typical nutritional quality and […]

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September 2020 Forage Report

sorghum-sudangrass after a frost

Photo: It is impossible to tell by looking at frost-damaged sorghum-sudangrass what the prussic acid levels may be. Silage Corn In fields where rootworm Bt hybrids have been used for three or more consecutive years, resistance among corn rootworm populations is suspected. Producers can no longer rely solely on Bt rootworm hybrids for protection against […]

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