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Field Crop News is a resource for Ontario field crop production. It is managed by the Field Crop Unit of the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (OMAFRA). Browse our library of information by:

  • Summer Employment Opportunity: Student – Field Research Assistant @ Ridgetown

    Organization:                    Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (OMAFRA) Division/Branch:               Economic Development Division / Agriculture Development Branch Position Title:                   Student – Field Research Assistant Field Crops – 5 positions available Horticultural Crops – 2 positions available Job Term:                           Temporary, for up to 18 weeks, beginning spring 2023 Salary:                                $16.35/hour, based on a 36.25 hour work week Available […]

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  • Putting the economics to a three-crop rotation in Ontario: Wheat improves corn and soybean yields and returns

    Putting the economics to a three-crop rotation in Ontario: Wheat improves corn and soybean yields and returns

    Co-authored with Ken Janovicek and Dr. Dave Hooker, University of Guelph Highlights By now, you’ve likely heard the message from the long-term rotation trials at Ridgetown and Elora: winter wheat in rotation improves corn and soybean yields. But with greater revenue coming in during corn and soybean years, the real question is whether these yield […]

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  • Maximizing the Value of Manure on Your Farm

    The value from manure comes in the nutrients provided along with other components that benefit soil health. Manure adds a layer of complexity to fertilizer management, but it also provides benefits to crops that commercial fertilizer on its own cannot provide.  Research helps with understanding the principles of how nutrients behave in different environments and […]

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  • Organic No-Till Soybean Production: Making it Work in Ontario

    Organic No-Till Soybean Production: Making it Work in Ontario

    Growing cover crop-based organic no-till soybeans requires a different system approach than for standard organic production. Three years of extensive research trials in Ontario have guided the development of four key best practices for growing no-till organic soybeans following a cereal rye cover crop. This tip sheet is designed to provide practical advice for Ontario […]

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  • Visual Evaluation of Soil Structure

    Soil structure is a key indicator of soil health. The Visual Evaluation of Soil Structure (VESS) provides a simple framework for quantitatively scoring soil structure quality. It requires only a shovel for extracting a block of soil and a scoring sheet for evaluating it and can be performed in about 10 minutes with a little […]

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  • On-off grazing

    On-off grazing

    On-off grazing is a management technique to minimize damage while grazing wet pastures. It is an alternative to using a sacrifice paddock. Livestock do the least amount of pugging damage to a field when they are actively grazing. It is other activities, such as visiting the water trough or mineral source, lying down, or socializing […]

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  • When should I spray my cereal rye cover crop before soybeans?

    When should I spray my cereal rye cover crop before soybeans?

    Cereal rye is a versatile cover crop that can be seeded late into the fall in Ontario. Not to be confused with annual ryegrass – a grass that can be challenging to control – it is a winter cereal that overwinters reliably and grows rapidly in the spring. Delayed termination of rye by herbicide prior […]

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  • Is the yield potential of alfalfa increasing?

    Is the yield potential of alfalfa increasing?

    The relationship between alfalfa breeding efforts and yield potential is complicated. While most literature on annual grain crops shows yield improvements with the release of new varieties over time, a literature search on alfalfa yield will show improvement, stagnation, and declines, depending on the paper. One of the latest attempts to discern what is really […]

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  • Should I spray my dry beans for western bean cutworm and if so, when?

    Should I spray my dry beans for western bean cutworm and if so, when?

    co-authored by: Meghan Moran Western bean cutworm can significantly reduce the quality and yield of your dry bean crop. Below are best practices for minimizing this insect’s impact to your bottom line. The simple answer Spraying insecticide for western bean cutworm (WBC) control in Ontario dry bean fields is warranted only if ALL of the […]

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