Home

Field Crop News is a resource for Ontario field crop production. It is managed by the Field Crop Unit of the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (OMAFRA). Browse our library of information by:

  • Effectively Managing Stripe Rust

    Effectively Managing Stripe Rust

    Co-authored with Albert Tenuta, Pathologist, Field Crops In 2016 the milder winter conditions resulted in early leaf and stripe rust infections in Tennessee and Kentucky. This resulted in rust spores being blown into Ontario earlier than we typically see. By mid-May 2016, stripe rust was prevalent in most areas of southwestern Ontario. Growers who selected…

  • Anticipated Soil Nitrogen Supply for 2024’s Corn Crop

    Anticipated Soil Nitrogen Supply for 2024’s Corn Crop

    Summary: Background: Throughout the growing season, microbes within the soil break down organic nitrogen contained in soil organic matter and crop residues and release it as plant-available ammonium.  This process is known as nitrogen mineralization. Nitrogen mineralization is favoured by warm soil temperatures with adequate soil moisture and aeration.  Excess moisture can slow mineralization or…

  • Ontario Crop Report – Week of June 13, 2024

    Ontario Crop Report – Week of June 13, 2024

    Areas across the province are seeing variability in corn emergence and growth due to frequent rainfalls. […]Read More…

  • Cutworms of All Kinds

    Cutworms of All Kinds

    It is safe to call 2024 a good pest year. Mild winters and warm springs tend to help pests overwinter well or expand their range further than usually and get ahead of crops when soil conditions delay planting. Armyworm and cereal leaf beetle are continuing to show up in some wheat fields, while some grubs…

See all articles

  • Crop Conditions – Week of May 2nd, 2024

    Crop Conditions – Week of May 2nd, 2024

    Frequent rains and wet soils across the province have slowed or prevented field work. Soil compaction is likely to be an issue this year, especially for farmers trying to get manure spread ahead of spring planting. Fertilizer has been moving out to farms with storage. Retailers are full and ready to apply product once soil…

  • Untitled post 26622

    SHAP: Soil Health Assessment & Plan In-Field In-Office Match SHAP to your needs Assess Benchmark 5 Key Soil Health Indicators Improve Find Potential for Improvement Adapt Take a Flexible approach Interpret Use the SHAP Score Calculator to compare your test results to a database of results from similar Ontario soils. Use this benchmark to identify…

  • Soil Management Day – August 23, 2023

    Soil Management Day – August 23, 2023

    Join the OMAFRA Soil Team and the Ontario Soil Network in London for a full day of collaborative learning. Dive deep into diagnosing and finding solutions for real soil health challenges in a real field! Share learnings and experiences with other soil health professionals, and pick up a great new ideas along the way. A…

See all Field Crop Tips

  • When do cover crops, with and without manure applied, release nitrogen that can be used for my corn crop?

    When do cover crops, with and without manure applied, release nitrogen that can be used for my corn crop?

    Cover crops can produce nitrogen. We looked at when different species release nitrogen and the impact that adding manure has on the timing and release of nitrogen. The simple answer Predicting nitrogen (N) availability from cover crops is complicated. Cold and wet conditions in the spring negativelyimpact soil microbial activity and can result in significant…

  • When should I spray my cereal rye cover crop before soybeans?

    When should I spray my cereal rye cover crop before soybeans?

    Cereal rye is a versatile cover crop that can be seeded late into the fall in Ontario. Not to be confused with annual ryegrass – a grass that can be challenging to control – it is a winter cereal that overwinters reliably and grows rapidly in the spring. Delayed termination of rye by herbicide prior…

  • Is the yield potential of alfalfa increasing?

    Is the yield potential of alfalfa increasing?

    The relationship between alfalfa breeding efforts and yield potential is complicated. While most literature on annual grain crops shows yield improvements with the release of new varieties over time, a literature search on alfalfa yield will show improvement, stagnation, and declines, depending on the paper. One of the latest attempts to discern what is really…

See all Field Crop Q&A